Heart Disease
Other Heart Conditions
Pericarditis
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac that surrounds the heart.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart valves have been permanently damaged by rheumatic fever. The heart valve damage starts with an untreated or under-treated strep infection. In some cases, strep throat or scarlet fever, which are caused by streptococcus A bacteria, can progress to rheumatic fever if not treated properly.
Cardiac Sarcoma
Cardiac sarcoma is a rare type of cancerous tumor that occurs in the heart.
Congenital Heart Defects
When the heart or blood vessels near the heart do not develop normally before birth, it's called a congenital heart defect.
A Serious Look at Fainting
Fainting (syncope) is a brief loss of consciousness. This leads to falling down or needing to lie down, followed by a quick recovery. Fainting by itself is not a problem, but it could be a sign of a serious health condition.
The Lowdown on Low Blood Pressure
Doctors often consider chronically low blood pressure too low only if it drops suddenly or causes noticeable symptoms.
Syncope in Children
Syncope is a brief loss of consciousness and muscle tone caused when not enough blood gets to the brain. Syncope is commonly called fainting. In most children, it’s usually harmless. But in a few children, syncope is serious. This is usually because of a heart problem, or less often a neurological problem.