Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac that surrounds the heart.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart valves have been permanently damaged by rheumatic fever. The heart valve damage starts with an untreated or under-treated strep infection. In some cases, strep throat or scarlet fever, which are caused by streptococcus A bacteria, can progress to rheumatic fever if not treated properly.
Cardiac sarcoma is a rare type of cancerous tumor that occurs in the heart.
Congenital Heart Defects
When the heart or blood vessels near the heart do not develop normally before birth, it's called a congenital heart defect.
A Serious Look at Fainting
Fainting (syncope) is a brief loss of consciousness. This leads to falling down or needing to lie down, followed by a quick recovery. Fainting by itself is not a problem, but it could be a sign of a serious health condition.
Syncope in Children
Syncope is a brief loss of consciousness and muscle tone caused when not enough blood gets to the brain. Syncope is commonly called fainting. In most children, it’s usually harmless. But in a few children, syncope is serious. This is usually because of a heart problem, or less often a neurological problem.